We believe in the early history of this horse, as it is written by countless authors and generational breeders.
Though there is always controversy with anything and it’s easy to misprint a date or a statement, we believe that when the vast majority of writings, dates, accounts and breeders say one thing and one or two accounts contradict that information, it is most likely that the vast majority reporting, has the correct information.

Association of the Foundation Andalusian HorseThe Iberian horse, the Andalusian, dates back to 20,000 BC, we know that it is one of, if not the oldest breeds in existence.
The Iberian horse can be seen in paintings done in caves at La Pileta (Malaga, Spain) which are dated from 20,000 B.C. (Andrade, 1973) and at Escoural (Alentejo, Portugal) which are dated between 17,000 B.C. and 13,000 B.C. (Cordeiro, 1992).

Where the confusion lies is in the entire story of the horse of Iberian Peninsula from that time on. As it evolved throughout history to today, it was known by several different names including Andalusian, Spanish, Carthusian, Lusitano, Portuguese, Alter Real, Ginet or Jennet, Peninsular, Castilian, Extremeno, Zapatero and Iberian. The name that stuck was the Andalusian and it was called that until the formation of the official studbooks in Spain in 1912 when it was then called the Pura Raza Espanol, even though the bloodlines were still from anywhere in Spain or Portugal .
Though some of the breeders of both bloodlines kept their own studbooks, all horses from the Iberian Peninsula were officially registered in the studbooks of Spain from 1912 until 1966.

The biggest and final distinction separating the horse into the two different breeds occurred in 1966 with the split of the Spanish stud books that they had all been registered in up until that time. The two countries could not agree on a name for the horse and the decision was made to forever separate them into two breeds each with their own name for the country of origin they were bred in. The PRE was now the horse of Spain and following that decision closely, in 1966-67 the first official Lusitano (PSL) studbook was created, making the Lusitano the breed of Portugal.

Both of these more recent breeds came from the same foundation horse, the Andalusian, the same blood and these distinctions that separate them today were only made in recent history.

Association of the foundation AndalusianWhen you hear of people speaking of the Andalusian, the PRE or the Lusitano individually being 25,000 years old they are correct but are speaking collectively because they were all the same horse at that time.

Throughout history prior to the split of the stud books, it was this horse, the Andalusian of bloodlines that knew no borders, that was prized as a skilled war horse.

As was often spoken about by the old breeders, horses of both bloodlines were used all across the Peninsula for centuries and up until the split of the stud books. Spanish breeders used good Portuguese horses and visa versa in their breeding programs. Even after the stud books in the mother countries were separated, horses from both Spain and Portugal were still shown in the same shows against each other, which is documented in the old show records.
Though Spain closed its stud book to Portuguese horses in 1966, the Portuguese continued to use Spanish horses up until just a few years ago. After all, several of the Lusitano founding sires are indeed Spanish.
The Portuguese recognized the great advantage of being able to use all bloodlines and the value of improvement that it could offer and kept their studbooks open to that option.
Spanish/Portuguese horses were registered as a purebred Lusitano after 1967 and up until just a few years ago when they closed their studbooks.

Association of the Foundation Andalusian HorseSources state that the Andalusian and the Lusitano were genetically the same, and the only difference is the country in which individual horses are born or registered now.

Not only did the PRE and the Lusitano come from the Andalusian but 80% of today’s horse breeds also carry Andalusian blood. The Spaniards introduced them to Colonial America and began the breeds of horses in the Americas.

We do not have the political differences here in the US that separated the Andalusian into two breeds and here we have chosen to keep the bloodlines together under the name it was known by for centuries, in order to preserve that ancient breed of horse and that name, the Andalusian.


*That we need to protect the original or foundation version of this horse and not let it go into extinction in lieu of its modern descendants.
*That the first registry in this country was set up to do just that.
*That the first registry in this country was created BEFORE the split of the studbooks in Spain and Portugal when the horses were all of one breed.
*That the current registry was to follow suite but has in recent times forgotten and moved away from this purpose.

And that is why we are here, to take up that cause of the ancient and romantic Andalusian horse and not let it be forgotten or go into extinction and to preserve its history and the incredible gift that was given to us, that is our goal.

We will not have political battles here. We will stick to our beliefs and proceed into the future with the one and only goal of “preserving and protecting" this old breed, the Andalusian.

AndalusianWe will, out of respect for the mother countries not try to copy them by registering or referring to our horses PRE’s or Lusitanos. We believe that they own those names. We believe if you want to call your horse a PRE or a Lusitano then it needs to be registered with those respective registries.

Why Andalusian? Today the name Andalusian is often associated with the Spanish horse but remember, history accounts for the fact that horses of the Iberian Peninsula were called Andalusians and the premise of this registry pre dates the split of the studbooks and reaches back even prior to the stud books into that history when horses of both bloodlines of the Iberian peninsula were known as Andalusians. That is why we will call them by that name. More . . .

If you would like to register your horse as a PRE or Lusitano we will be more than happy to provide you with links and contact information to those registries but we will not play any part in that process because our horse pre dates those registries. If then you would like to double register your horse as a Foundation Andalusian as well, we welcome you.

If you believe as we do we invite to join us in protecting this horse, the Andalusian, as a breed.

For more educational reading we recommend:

The Royal Horse of Europe ~ by Sylvia Loch

The Andalusian ~ by Robert Vavra